Archaeological dating definition
H Hearth: All elements that provide proof of the existence of a fire in a particular area, be it a fire for cooking, for warmth or for light.This may be simply the presence of ashes, charcoal, earth blackened by fire, stones arranged in a circle, stones shattered by heat, burned bones or a baked clay floor.Archaeological Resource: All tangible evidence of human activity that is of historical, cultural or scientific interest.Examples include features, structures, archaeological objects or remains at or from an archaeological site, or an object recorded as an isolated archaeological find.Archaeology: A set of theories, methods and techniques for the study of human culture and civilization, using scientific investigation of physical remains of past activities.
Other examples of features could include postholes, storage pits, middens, caches, areas used for stone flaking, collapsed dwellings or burial grounds.Botany: The science concerned with the study, classification, structure, ecology and economic importance of plants. C.: Abbreviation for “Before Christ.” When used as a suffix to a date, it indicates the number of years prior to the traditional date of the birth of Christ that an event occurred. The expression is intended as a non-denominational dating system. P.: Abbreviation for “Before Present.” Used in the context of radiocarbon dating, the expression refers to the years before 1950. Context: The immediate environment of an archaeological object including its association with other objects and features and its position within the stratigraphy of the site.C Cache: A pit or mound of stones used to store or hide food or tools. Cultural Anthropology: The study of the habits and customs, behaviour, thought and feelings of human groups.Dugout Canoe: A long, narrow light craft that is usually monoxylous (made out of a single piece of wood).
DNA: Abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid, a chemical molecule in every cell of all living organisms.Ethnology is considered a branch of cultural anthropology. Haviland et al., Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, a division of Thomson Learning, 2005) F Faunal Remains: These are most often the hard tissues of birds, fish and animals that survive as archaeological objects.