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However, the raw data were never released by the institutions. PERNAGALLO Department of Economics and Business, University of Catania, Corso Italia 55, 95129 Catania CT, Italy and B.
In 2017, in response to a legal request, all raw data kept by the British Museum were made accessible. TORRISI Department of Economics and Business, University of Catania, Corso Italia 55, 95129 Catania CT, Italy Fair Use Quote: A telling tidbit from page 6 of 9: The same rationale applies to the intra-laboratory differences.
Link: Radiocarbon Dating of the Turin Shroud: New Evidence from Raw Data © Oxford University 2019 Abstract: In 1988, three laboratories performed a radiocarbon analysis of the Turin Shroud.
The results, which were centralized by the British Museum and published in Nature in 1989, provided ‘conclusive evidence’ of the medieval origin of the artefact.
It is known that there are serious problems in relating C-14 dates in ancient Israel to the established ceramic, epigraphic, and historical chronologies (Levy, T. Even if there were no issues with C-14 dating, the samples coming from charcoal in a burn layer may be from burned wooden beams cut from trees that were harvested over 100 years prior to their destruction.
Quality wood in ancient Israel was rare and expensive, usually imported from the forests of Lebanon, and thus often reused again and again until it was rotten, broken, or destroyed.
Using Ox Cal for Arizona Raw 2, the overall agreement index (34.6%) is below the threshold (with 12.8% for A3 and 43.0% for A6), whereas for Arizona Raw 1 the overall agreement index is lower (21.4%).The dates given from the two samples were 1347 BC /- BC /-91, giving an overall range for these two C-14 dates as 1688-1262 BC (Marchetti , Nicolo and Nigro, Lorenzo, eds. The first of these dates fits roughly around the proposed 1400 BC destruction, while the other is closer to the proposed 1550 BC destruction.